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Jaap Schaveling works at Nyenrode Business University www. Jaap also has his own practice as an Organization Coach www. An earlier verson of ths article appeared in The Circle, the magazine of the School for Being Orientation.
This article summarizes the book and offers some of my comments. During the last couple of decades Ken Wilber has been developing what he calls the Integral Approach. His masterpiece, Sex, Ecology and Spiritualityprepared its groundwork, and in the many books he has written since then he has developed this approach in far greater detail.
The same is being done in his newest book, Integral Spirituality: A Startling New Role for Religion in the Modern and Postmodern World henceforth abbreviated as ISwhose purpose it is to apply to spirituality the integral approach that he has been developing in his previous books.
It is a pity that Wilber seems to have lost the ability to keep that perspective himself. After introducing the Integral Approach through his familiar Quadrant-Model, Wilber offers an overview of several of the methodological approaches through which spirituality can be investigated, developed, described, and so forth.
In IS he is quite consciously emphasizing the Interior-Individual, upper left quadrant, which is why the introduction is followed by three chapters dealing with stages and states of consciousness and their interrelationship.
In fact, for Wilber the words spirituality and consciousness are interchangeable. The chapters five and six on Boomeritis Buddhism and The Shadow and the Disowned Self deal with all the things that can go wrong. Although it is the individual that develops spirituality, all individuals exist within a social context, with worldviews and independent levels of consciousness.
Ken Wilber then concludes with a summary description of his Integral Life Practice; it comprises suggestions and methodologies for individual development based on his four-quadrant model.
The book concludes with three appendixes that delve a bit deeper into some of the themes broached in IS. Introduction of the Integral Approach As discussed in previous works Wilber, XVIWilber has learned from the criticism leveled at earlier works that he had assumed too quickly that the Integral Approach could be taken as being familiar territory to all.
Accordingly, he begins IS with a page synopsis of the Integral Approach.
He takes his time to explain that the Integral Approach is based on five elements: He has analyzed many developmental lines from existing literature, and discovered that at least four main categories can be discerned.
He then concludes that, if you are speaking of development and evolution, you must always remain aware of these four vantage points.
If you divide a circle into four parts representing aspects of the evolution or development of each holon, then in the upper left corner Wilber places the interior-individual, which represents the subjective aspect of consciousness. In the upper right quadrant you will find the objective or exterior-individual aspects of the interior components of consciousness, such as brain mechanisms and neurotransmitters that support consciousness, in short: The lower left quadrant captures the interior-collective, which refers to the values, meanings, worldviews and ethics shared by any given group of individuals; culture, in other words.
These components are all solidified in objective, material, institutional forms, which are to be found in the lower right quadrant: Belonging to these social systems are material institutions, geopolitical formations and productive forces ranging from hunting and agriculture to information technology.
The evolutionary levels or stages of consciousness represent actual milestones of growth and development.
Every individual must go through these stages; in this sense you can say that they are a fixed requirement. You go from being egocentric by way of ethnocentric to being worldcentric, or from body via mind to Spirit. Once you have transcended a given stage, you own it as a permanent characteristic.
All four quadrants exhibit several developmental lines, each sub-divided into several levels.
In the upper left quadrant, for example, we can identify an emotional, cognitive and moral line. Each of these lines will pass through all levels or stages just identified. Yet, development along several lines will not necessarily occur at the same pace. It is possible to develop faster along one line than another.Karen Pancoast 22nd November at Kate, this is the most thorough, clear, and useful blog post I have seen on any topic this year.
You clearly explained each system, provided useful links, added photos. Overcoming Addiction! Alcohol and Drug Recovery Programs. Alcohol and Drug Detox Centers. Call Now! PPO Insurance Accepted · 24/7 Helpline!
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