The Gilgamesh flood is a mythical story which explains how god Enlil used a ferocious flood to punish mankind. The biblical flood however, emanates from the ancient Jewish doctrine which teaches of the wrath of an almighty God descending upon mankind in the form of a flood due to their constant rebellion against His laws. Even though these two flood stories originate from different cultures, societal backgrounds and historic timings; they have a number of similarities and contrasts as portrayed in this research work.
Summary Analysis This chapter consists of the story that Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh. It begins in Shurrupak, a city built along the Euphrates river. The city was growing quickly.
The gods agree to wipe out all the mortals. This story has many similarities to the Biblical tale of Noah and the Flood, suggesting that the Biblical writer may have drawn on the myth of Gilgamesh, or that both stories are based on a real flood that occurred in ancient Mesopotamia.
To Enlil, it seems that mankind has overstepped its place in the universe by building such loud cities. This offends his pride—his sense that those below him have not accepted their place—and also sets up another connection between civilization and a kind of corruption or fall from grace.
He asks how he will explain himself to others, and Ea tells him to say that Enlil was angry with him, so that he may no longer live on land or in the city. With his children and hired men, Utnapishtim builds the enormous boat with seven decks, packing it with supplies.
Nergal, Ninurta, and the Annunaki. The storm god, Adad, turns day into night, and a tempest comes that is so terrible even the gods fear it. Water is most important as a symbol in this story of the flood, a force representing both destruction and rebirth.
Previously Gilgamesh has bathed after all his major actions a sign of physical and spiritual rejuvenationand the flood takes this idea to a much larger scale.
Once again the most frightening images in the Epic are of wild, uncontrollable nature, usually embodied as storms or natural disasters. At dawn of the seventh day, the storm ends and the sea becomes calm. Utnapishtim opens the hatch of his boat and sees an endless sea around him.
But he also sees a mountain rising out of the water fourteen leagues away. For six days and six nights the boat sails toward the mountain, and on the seventh dawn Utnapishtim releases a dove into the air.
The dove returns, having not found a place to land. Then Utnapishtim releases a swallow, and it too returns. But then Utnapishtim releases a raven that eats and keeps flying, and does not come back.
Utnapishtim then opens all the hatches and makes an offering of cane, cedar, and myrtle on a mountaintop in a heated cauldron. The details again resemble those of the story of Noah.
Like Noah with the dove, Utnapishtim sends out birds to figure out whether there is land nearby. Ishtar was a destructive, petty goddess in dealing with Gilgamesh, but here she appears as a friend to mankind. Ishtar swears that she will remember the flood and all that happened. She tells all the gods but Enlil, who was responsible for the flood, to gather around the offering.
Ea then criticizes Enlil for trying to destroy mankind. Now Enlil has overstepped his bounds. Though as a god he is more powerful than mere mortals, the other gods judged that he did not respect his place in the universe, which is to be involved in human affairs but not presume to destroy all of mankind.
He then wishes that a lion, or wolf, or famine had destroyed mankind, rather than the flood. Active Themes Ea says that he was not the one who told Utnapishtim how to avoid his fate; Utnapishtim learned it from a dream. Then Enlil enters the boat and takes Utnapishtim and his wife below-deck, and he makes them kneel down.
Importantly, as Utnapishtim and his wife are granted immortality, they kneel before the gods and pay respect. The Story of the Flood. Retrieved November 28, Gilgamesh and the biblical Flood—part 2.
Which came first Noah's Flood or the Gilgamesh epic? References and notes. Heidel, A., which bears a close similarity to the Gilgamesh story, but minus the flood-story component. See Dalley, ref. 6, pp. 47– Return to text.
A GREAT FLOOD: ATRAHASIS, GILGAMESH AND GENESIS!2 A Great Flood: Atrahasis, Gilgamesh, and Genesis This paper will examine the great flood accounts of Mesopotamia, namely Atrahasis and Gilgamesh in light of their presentation and also in comparison to the Biblical flood story in Genesis.
Once again in the Noah story there are two different accounts of events. In the P version the animals go on the ark two by two. This is the version every one remembers.
The Flood: Gilgamesh vs. Noah Comparison Essay by PC The Flood: Gilgamesh vs. Noah This paper compares the flood creation stories in Gilgamesh and in the Book of Genesis in the Bible, which have caused many discussions among scholars involved with ancient civilizations.
Notwithstanding these similarities, the differences between Gilgamesh and Noah’s Flood are substantial. Right from the start, the Noah’s Flood narrative is emphatically monotheistic, whereas the whole Gilgamesh narrative revolves around the whims, . The epic of Gilgamesh resembles the Bible's story of Noah's Ark, but specific details differ on several occasions.
Gilgamesh's story says the reason for the flood was the volume the people created.